Cortés razes the Aztec capital and builds Mexico City on its ruins; it rapidly turns into the premier European heart within the New World. Cortés and his males arrive in Tenochtitlán; they’re welcomed as honored guests by Moctezuma and his folks due to the Spaniard’s resemblance to Quetzalcoatl, a legendary light-skinned god-king whose return was prophesied in Aztec legend. Taking Moctezuma hostage, Cortés is ready to achieve control of Tenochtitlán.
After revolt in Spain ushers in a brand new era of liberal reforms there, conservative Mexican leaders start plans to finish the viceregal system and separate their country from the mother land on their own terms. In August 1821, the final Spanish viceroy is compelled to sign the Treaty of Córdoba, marking the official beginning of Mexican independence. Napoleon Bonaparte occupies Spain, deposes the monarchy, and installs his brother, Joseph, as head of state. The ensuing Peninsular War between Spain and France will lead almost directly to the Mexican war for independence, because the colonial government in New Spain falls into disarray and its opponents start to realize momentum.
Timeline Of Events
Francisco Madero, a landowning lawyer and a member of Mexico’s liberal, educated class, unsuccessfully opposes Díaz within the year’s presidential elections. He also publishes a book calling free of charge and democratic elections and an finish to the Díaz regime. Although fully 90 % of the Mexican inhabitants at the time is illiterate, Madero’s message spreads all through the country, sparking growing requires change, and Madero himself turns into the acknowledged chief of a well-liked revolution. After another revolt–this time profitable–in opposition to Júarez’s successor Sebastián Lerdo de Tejada, Porfirio Díaz takes control of Mexico.
As a results of the persevering with dispute over Texas, frictions between the U.S. and Mexican residents of the region, and a need to acquire land in New Mexico and California, the U.S. declares warfare on Mexico. The U.S. rapidly smother their enemy with superior drive, launching an invasion of northern Mexico led by General Zachary Taylor whereas concurrently invading New Mexico and California and blockading both of Mexico’s coasts. Scott’s males accomplish this on September 14, and a formal peace is reached within the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, signed on February 2, 1848. By its terms, the Rio Grande becomes the southern boundary of Texas, and California and New Mexico are ceded to the U.S. The U.S. agrees to pay $15 million as compensation for the seized land, which quantities to half of Mexico’s territory.
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Francisco Hernández de Córdoba, the primary European to visit Mexican territory, arrives within the Yucatán from Cuba with three ships and about a hundred men. Members of the native native inhabitants clash with the Spanish explorers, killing some 50 of them and capturing several extra. Córdoba’s stories on his return to Cuba immediate the Spanish governor there, Diego Velásquez, to ship a larger drive back to Mexico, under the command of Hernán Cortés.